Структура Администрации  Портал Администрации г. Пскова
Комитет по реализации программ приграничного сотрудничества и туризму
 
 

Mikhailovskaya tower

На главнуюSightseeing → Mikhailovskaya tower

Mikhailovskaya tower

Petrovskaya, Mikhailovskaya, Nikolskaya and Gremyachaya (rattling) towers defended the fifth ring of the fortified Pskov wall on its eastern part. Although the towers are in different state of preservation, all but the Nikolskaya tower have survived up to the present day.

Towers were of different size due to variation in roles they played in the defense of the city. Enemy forces were least expected to to attack from the East of the Pskova River because of the swampy terrain, so the towers on this side of the city were weaker than those that protected the city in the most vulnerable areas — near the Velikaya River, where the fortress could be easily approached by a large army of invaders. 

The round Mikhailovskaya (Arkhangelskaya) tower stands on the left bank of the Pskova River. Built in the beginning of the XVI century, it stood out of the fortress wall in order to increase angle of sight and firing angle. Next to it, to the left, there were gates in the Middle Ages. The tower is surrounded by a rampart — an earthen fortification of Peter the First period. The tower received its name after the Monastery of the Holy Archangel Michael which used to be situated nearby.

The Mikhailovsky rampart is a vast earthwork that goes around the tower and forms almost a complete ring. This is one of the so-called Peter’s ramparts. In 1710, Peter the First arrived in Pskov and ordered to put up ramparts. Roofs were removed from towers. The towers and the walls were covered with earth from the inside as well as on the outside, and then turned into mighty ramparts. Fortifications were constructed along the walls running down the Velikaya River, near the Pskova River, in the Kremlin and in the Dovmont’s town. 11 bastions were erected on the most vulnerable area from the Intercession Tower to the Mikhailovskaya Tower. The Mikhailovsky Bulwark was about 14 meters high and occupied area of up to 70 square meters.

lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt; line-height:115%;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>In the course of time, the trees carefully planted at the square by Pskov citizens have grown so thickly that almost the whole territory turned into a park. Taking into consideration this circumstance, the executive committee of the Pskov City Soviet of the People’s Deputies by a decision of September 10, 1986 changed the name of the square to Fallen Soldiers Square.